Since I’ve parted ways with my fabric stash in the UK to return to Canada, there won’t be much sewing the next few weeks. I’ve put together a couple posts on my favourite things, machines and equipment, but I have to tell you, at the end of the day, I spend more time on my computer than I do sewing - so here’s the last little bit of information that I have to share with you that relates to the ‘tools of the trade’.
The great thing about being a student and attending university is the access to computers and software. My three years at uni saw three different laptop computers, and a desktop computer, and I paid the price multiple times over in not investing in a proper computer to do my studies. Having a laptop repeatedly die on you is not a fun feeling when deadlines are just around the corner.
I’m not sure who my blog is tailored to - but if you’re a student, I’d recommend getting the best and most powerful laptop you can comfortably afford. I struggled my first two years with hand-me-down laptops that didn’t have enough RAM to even work Photoshop properly, which led to me avoiding it at all costs…and there’s now a little ‘gap’ in my knowledge. Having something with enough power to run the Adobe Creative Suite (you’ll use Illustrator & Photoshop like crazy, along with InDesign) will make you slightly less crazy.
In the last few weeks, I’ve been gifted a brand new Mac Book Pro as my graduation/birthday/Christmas…whatever else holiday/gift-giving event we can jam in there, as it was a very extravagant gift (thank you Andy!). To be honest, I should have bought one sooner. This laptop was made to run the fancy graphics programs that graphic designers use, and it seamlessly connects with the other Apple devices I have in my life, like my phone and iPad.
Buy yourself a good computer/laptop. It’s not something you’ll regret. Oh, and get a warranty, or make sure you’re covered. Laptop #3 was brand new, and it still imploded within weeks.
As I’ve mentioned before, we use a lot of Adobe Creative Suite for our studies. On the first two laptops I had versions of the software on there, but as these laptops started to die, I had to rely on the University. Going to and from the library wasn’t the most productive way for me to work as I get distracted easily. In the end I decided to subscribe to the Adobe Creative Cloud to get access. It’s that free 30-day trial that sucked me in.
The first year the subscription was barely affordable. They tempt you in with a student discount, after the free trial, and for the first twelve months I was paying $23.58 CDN per month…and then after the first 12 months…that price then jumped to $42.52 CDN. **gulp**
I can’t imagine my life without Illustrator though. It’s where I draft all of my patterns. The advantage to designing lingerie is that most of the pattern pieces will fit on A3, so you can easily print everything you need. All of my portfolio pieces and my resume are in Adobe Illustrator or InDesign, so I feel that I need to keep up with this subscription. The biggest advantage with the subscription, is that I can keep adding it to all these new laptops (LOL!) easily enough. You download the software and sign-in. You can actively be signed in on two computers - so I’m also able to access it on my partner’s computer as well. Easy peasy.
With that said, if you can invest in an A3 printer, your life will be so much easier. Print your pattens at home, cut out and sew. You’ll have a copy on the computer that you can just hit ‘print’ again if you need another copy, and can make edits in Illustrator as you work.
There is an add-on that I’ve bought to make my patterns in Illustrator easier to check. It’s a measurement app, dynamic measure, part of Vector Scribe, from Astute Graphics. Again, you can get a free 14-day trial, and then spend something like £50, and then with a quick click of the tool on the tool bar you can measure your construction lines and make sure pieces will match up.
Another thing that I subscribe to is Foundations Revealed. It’s not software, or technology, but I thought I could share this resource here. It’s a fantastic website where fellow designers, mostly corset related, will share information about their projects with detailed instructions, as well as business knowledge and advice. It’s a great little community, and I am not on there enough. One day, I’ll make more corsets. I pay in US dollars, and it’s roughly between $6 and $7 a month - although I also believe that this is my student subscription price.
Alright, back to software & technology.
Another bit of software that we have access to at the University is Lectra Modaris. This is the fancy-pants CAD program where we can develop our pattern pieces and grade them. It’s widely used in industry…and is expensive. It’s not something I can afford on my own for home use. If I was having stuff made in a factory, they’d want my files in software like this, or Gerber, so that everything would come out rosy. I did have a lecturer that did freelance at home, she had invested in the system. Rumour had it, the system is about a £10,000 investment to start, and then about £1,000 per year after that for the licence and service contract. The investment is so large because you’ll need a high-spec computer to run the program, a pattern digitizer to get your patterns into the program, and if you want to print anything off, chances are you’ll also need a plotter printer - so, it’s a hearty investment for most.
One of the little tools I’ve taken a slight interest in, is this little Wacom drawing tablet. I really don’t enjoy drawing, and thought that I might like to use it to draw straight into the computer. A year later, I’m still learning how it works, but it’s great to draw little freehand gathers, and it’s brilliant for drawing hair. If I left it plugged in more, I’d probably use it more. But again, if I did more drawing that’d also do the trick!
I can’t think of anything else that I’d recommend to get your hands on from a software & technology point of view. The only other thing I can suggest is to always have a half-decent camera on you to take photos of things that inspire you! My tutors would say a mini-sketchbook, but we all know that’s not going to happen with me! And last but not least, these tired eyes don’t do well with laptop screens, so I’ve always added monitor, having even two monitors with my desktop PC so that I can ‘multi-task’. You know how that works…
I love gadgets and gizmos that make life easier. When it comes to pattern cutting, or sewing, I want to have every tool on hand, and I want ones that work.
Over the 15+ years that I’ve been sewing, there’s an ever growing list of supplies that I can’t do without. So today, let me introduce you to a few of my favourite things*:
*I've included links so you can quickly obtain more information about each product. I do not necessarily endorse any of these retailers.
Clover Seam Ripper
This seam ripper is sharp! I’ve purchased a few of these over my lifetime and I’m not sure if I’ve ever broken or replaced one as I still have a few in my stash. The handle is comfortable to hold and overall works incredibly well.
Gutermann Mara 120 Polyester Thread (1,000m)
Sewing with quality thread will make your life much easier, and improve the look of your garment. The Mara thread is industrial quality and has superior strength and is extremely lint free reducing the amount of lint and fluff that will build up in your machine. Be careful not to overbuy your thread. As thread ages it can become dry and brittle and become prone to breaking.
Self-Healing Cutting Mat (Various Sizes)
It’s best to have a look at mats before ordering one online. They come in a variety of sizes, and you’ll want to make sure that you get the size suitable for your needs. I’m a bit of a hoarder and have a variety of sizes depending on the workspace I have available, and the project that I’m working on. Prices range wildly, so again, shop around online and at the local hobby store with prices ranging based on size, and likely quality.
Clover Chaco Liner & Refills
If you’re ever doing fittings or alterations to garments – I can’t recommend these chaco liners from Clover enough. They create a fine line of chalk on the garment and washes clean. They also come in a variety of colours – white, blue, yellow and pink. They do hold up quite well over time, and are great because they’re refillable. Look for the round ones, as the chalk refills are round in shape. I have a few older ones that are flat and just a bit trickier to refill.
Olfa Rotary Cutter
Hands down, this is the item that I just can’t live without. My rotary cutter.
The precision for cutting both paper and fabric just can’t be beat for home sewing purposes. I have three sizes – an 18mm, 28mm and 45mm.
In all fairness, I hardly ever use my 18mm. It just seems too small for most of the projects I do.
The 28mm size is perfect for all things lingerie and most fashion and the one which I use the most.
The 45mm is nice when I’m cutting really bulky or heavy fashion fabrics, like denim.
Using a rotary blade isn’t scary – but they are sharp and they absolutely must be used on a cutting mat, and should always be closed or covered for safety when not in use.
Dafa Replacement Blades
The Dafa blades are a cheaper alternative to the Olfa blades. By cutting both my paper and fabric patterns with the same blade – I do find that I have to replace these fairly often.
Clover Silk Pins
Ahhhh! Sewing lingerie with dodgy pins is no fun! These fantastically sharp silk pins have a glass head so that they will not melt when pressed, and work so well with the delicate and lightweight fabrics that I often use.
I can’t say that I have many projects where I need an awl – mostly corsetry projects, but I do find it comes in handy to poke a variety of things. I will use it to line up paper patterns, or to puncture a hole in a paper pattern, and whatever else might need a sharp poke!
Since moving to the UK, tape has been a sticky issue. I’ve tried a few different cheap and cheerful brands of tape, and there’s nothing better than Scotch Tape. I’m constantly taping bits and pieces together, especially pattern pieces that are oversized – fitting on more than one sheet of paper. It’s an absolute must in my sewing kit.
These flexible plastic rulers are very handy when taking measurements of garments. Due to the flexible nature you can easily measure around an underwire, or a leg or arm opening with precision.
Many other students and lecturers have commented on my cute little pink pattern weights. I love them! They’re great for keeping patterns in place while I’m cutting fabric, or even keeping hold of fabric on the cutting surface.
Schmetz 75 Stretch Needles
These are the needles that I pretty much use for all of my lingerie sewing; it’s my version of a ‘universal’ needle. If I’m sewing something extremely delicate, I’ll switch to a Microtex in a smaller gauge, but the stretch 75’s are my daily-use needles based on the types of things I sew. I try to also buy my needles in larger quantities for better pricing, as they're an item you're always going to need and won't take up too much space.
It's a bit of a long list - but I hope that it gives you a sneak peek of some of the best tools of the trade. What's in your kit that you can't live without?
There are many ways to develop a pattern for a garment. Depending on your skill level, some methods will be more straightforward than others. Here are some of the methods that I’ve used to better understand a garment and its pattern pieces, or to develop a pattern. I often refer to my skills as 'hacking' a pattern since I'm usually cloning something I love to learn how it's made.
1. Take it to Pieces
Skill Level: Novice
Special Equipment Required: A good seam ripper, pair of scissors or snips
If you have a favourite garment that is perhaps wearing out or is damaged and you want to replicate it, or see how it's made – here’s a good enough reason to take it apart. Of course, you can always find things specifically to take apart!
It’s important to first document the garment with perhaps a quick sketch or some photographs, so you can make notes of any special construction methods and seam allowances, or to piece together the order of how you will sew the new garment together, and then you’ll know which pieces go where. That’s the challenge of making your own patterns, they don’t come with instructions! If it’s at all possible – only take HALF of the garment apart. So, in my situation, I’m normally looking at bras. Literally cut it in half down the centre front and only take one side apart. That way you’ll still have half of the original to refer back to.
Once you have your garment in pieces, you can press the pieces and then trace around them onto paper so that you will have your new pattern. This mens brief is made from a thin lightweight cotton. To better get a pattern from the pieces, I'd likely try pinning it to a sheet of Foamcore or cardboard to stabilize it. The next method, Pin Copying, will give you more details.
2. Pin Copying
Skill Level: Novice
Special Equipment Required: Sturdy corrugated cardboard or Foamcore, pins, paper, tape and a pencil
This is a quick and easy way to copy a garment without taking it to pieces. Perfect if you are not wanting to part with that special garment.
Again, it’s important to thoroughly review the garment and make any notes about special construction methods and measure any seam allowances. The bonus is you’ll still have the entire garment intact and will be able to refer back to it.
You’ll need a sheet of sturdy corrugated cardboard, or sheet of Foamcore, along with some paper, tape and pins. If you’re working on a delicate work surface, like your boyfriend's lovely wooden dining room table, I would also suggest placing a cutting mat underneath your work surface to protect from the pins.
First, you’ll need to tape a sheet of paper to your cardboard or Foamcore board that is large enough to accommodate your largest pattern piece. Smooth out just one of the pattern pieces of your garment, grab your pins, and start pinning around the edges of the garment piece, keeping the fabric flat along the paper. If you’re pinning a bra that has elasticated edges, you’ll want to pin the garment stretched a bit in order to get the pre-elasticated pattern piece. When you have finished and have removed all of the pins – you’ll now have a record of the pattern shape on the paper. Just play ‘connect the dots’ with a pencil and you’ll have your pattern piece – likely without the seam allowances. Don’t forget to add these!
3. Garment Measurements
Skill Level: Intermediate
Special Equipment Required: Multiple measuring devices, pencil and block patterns help!
If you’re a bit more skilled with drafting patterns, or have a a few basic blocks in your pattern ‘library’ – drafting a pattern by measurements is a great way to develop a pattern.
You won’t damage your garment in any way, and still have the original at your fingertips for reference. This method can take a bit longer than the pin copying method, but remains simple.
I like to start out with a good solid technical sketch, either by hand, or on the computer, so I have somewhere to make my measurement notes.
I have a few different measurement tools at my disposal when using this method. I’ll often have my fabric tape measure for the basic measurements, a flexible ruler for curves, as well has my hem gauge for really small seams and measuring the width of elastics.
You’ll need to measure each seam of your garment, and make notes on your tech drawing of precise measurements, as well as any ‘landmarks’ such as the highest and lowest points of curves, which will make your life much easier when drafting your pattern, whether on paper or on the screen.
I find this method works really well if you’re drafting your measurements over a basic block pattern that can be related to the pattern that you are drafting. It makes it easier to see things like the shapes of underarm curves, or the shapes of leg openings. I draft my patterns on the computer this way using Adobe Illustrator.
4. Modelling on the Stand/Draping
This is a great method if you have no idea where to start, or you’re not confident with your flat pattern drafting skills.
I’ve never given this process a fair chance as when I began to learn how to draft and cut patterns, I was always taught how to do them flat on paper, based on measurements. This process works well for experimentation with fabrics and shapes, so don’t let my own personal fears of this method scare you away!
You’ll need a mannequin in the size you wish to create your pattern in. There are lots of options here in shapes, sizes, styles and types. At De Montfort University, we use a covered plastic mannequin, and she’s an industry standard 34B for lingerie designs. Our basic blocks fit her quite well.
It’s up to you and your working style on what type of mannequin or dress form you would like to use. Foam styles can be easier to work with as you can pin into them – although taping design lines onto a plastic mannequin can work too. You’ll also need some fabric to work with – something with similar properties to what your final fabric will be, along with pins, and scissors. It's also helpful to have something to mark your design lines like a marker, thin sticky tape, or even a narrow ribbon to pin in place.
You can start off by marking landmarks on your mannequin such as the waist, hip and bust. From there, you can position the fabric on your mannequin as you desire. There are some basic guidelines that you can follow in regard to draping. I personally have no formal training in this method, but have tested a fantastic book for you, Draping by Karolyn Kiisel and would highly recommend it as it contains numerous step-by-step exercises for a variety of garments, and includes an instructional DVD.
5. Modifying Block Patterns
Skill Level: Novice through Expert
Special Equipment Required: Block patterns, pencil, ruler, French curves, paper, scissors, tape or glue, including possibly a sewing machine and threads
This is a great method if you have a ‘library’ of well-fitted patterns to manipulate, and is an easy way to test new bra cup shapes.
What you’ll need is a copy of your block pattern (never cut up your originals!) and you can manipulate the shape in either paper or fabric. I find the paper method to be a bit quicker, as you can just quickly tape or glue the pieces together. Also, you can easily 'squish' or cut the pattern piece to get the volume out so that it can lay flat.
To get started, build your sample garment in either fabric or paper using a copy of your block pattern. You can now add new style lines and begin to cut up the sample to determine the shape of the new pattern piece. This is where a bit more technical skill comes into effect as you’ll need to round off these straight edges to get the volume and fit correct.
If you have a good understanding of flat patterns, you can just go ahead and manipulate your block flat on paper, or the computer, without constructing anything.
I really hope you found these methods interesting. I'd love to know which ones you've tried, or which ones you prefer. Are there any methods that you use that I haven't covered? Happy pattern cutting!
The first term of first year involved an Illustration class and assignment, beginner pattern cutting and Critical and Contextual Studies (CCS), the academic portion of our program. We were set a project for the 1st term, the Little Black Lingerie Project where we were instructed to make whatever we want, preferably a bra and knicker set, which were to be in black.
This blog post came about as a request from Maria in New Zealand, who also loves to make lingerie. She asked more about the designs that I did at De Montfort University (DMU).
So, let me take you on a journey of the DMU Contour Fashion program…
The Contour Fashion program is the oldest of its kind, founded in 1947 to support the local corsetry industry. From the early 19th century to the end of the 20th century, main industries in Leicester were hosiery (covering many forms of clothing) as well as footwear – along with the engineering that supported these industries. There still is an industry in Leicester for textiles and clothing, but a considerable amount has now moved offshore.
Ok, so more about DMU now.
For the application process to DMU, all prospective students are invited to attend an interview day with the lecturers to show their portfolios. As an international student, this wasn’t required of me (well, the attending part!) but I did have to submit a portfolio, of which I posted online.
Once you’re accepted on the program, time flies by!! We were set a summer project where we had to purchase a 34B bra (industry sample size) and size 12 bottom and take them apart and reconstruct them. I had decided not to do this project until I actually arrived in Leicester. The results were both disastrous and hilarious. Thankfully, I don’t have any photos to show you!
Pattern cutting continued through the 2nd term, and included a new project, this time an external client project for H&M. We were to conduct market research and trend analysis to come up with a design we could imagine for sale at H&M. Other classes now included a CAD class where we were learning how to use Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator, as well as a Dragon’s Den group project where we needed to present a new product for the intimate apparel industry.
Upon returning to Second Year, which we all can agree is the busiest year, we were promptly greeted by further CAD classes in both Photoshop and Illustrator, along with a specialist software class for Lectra Modaris pattern cutting. We also continued our pattern cutting classes which included both practical construction and technical pattern cutting and grading. Along with modules in the first term for Corsetry and in second term, an external client project for Lepel, for our Swimwear module. Top this off with Style & Colour trend prediction classes where we build a professionally printed trend publication AND our Cabinet of Curiosities Project where we’re encouraged to just ‘go wild’ and then all of a sudden, you realize that another year of your life has gone by. Oh, right. And then there’s ‘CCS’ the academic part of the program. An essay.
Life on the Contour program never stops. Between first and second year, we were issued with summer projects. One of which was for industry, Stretchline, where we were to come up with uses for a silicone adhesive they had developed and were actively trying to market. The other was our Six Knicker Project where we take 6 pairs of commercial knickers and recreate them.
By the time you reach third year, nothing tends to faze you anymore. Bring on the coursework. The summer between Second and Third Year saw another external client project, for Berlei, as well as the beginning of the Six Bra Project, which quickly turned into the Three Bra, and subsequent Two Bra Project nearer the deadline. Again, tasked with choosing commercial bras and replicating them. We were also set another external client project, this time for Aubade and Lectra, check out the video they made below!! Our classes involved a whole lot of Lectra in third year, as well as our CAD classes where we were taught InDesign and learned more Photoshop and Illustrator hint and tips. Once Christmas comes around, you will become immersed with your Final Major Project, affectionately known as FMP. This is your degree collection, and it’s what all the blood, sweat and tears have been about since the start of the program.
For FMP, you can choose the Aesthetic Route or the Technical Route, for which I chose the Technical Route. There aren’t too many different deliverables for the hand-in, but the marking is considerably different. For students choosing the Aesthetic Route, much more weighting is given to their sketchbooks and design development, where for Technical there is much more emphasis placed on the pattern cutting side of things. Through the Technical Route, there is also an emphasis on utilizing the Lectra Modaris software, and we were given additional instructional hours. As part of the Technical Route this year, we were given the option of making either six outfits or four outfits. If you create six outfits, you are able to present your collection to an industry panel for catwalk selection, which was our big event in London at the beginning of June. If you make four outfits, you cannot try for catwalk, and your collection will also be assessed even more on the technical side of things – Lectra Modaris. I chose to make the four outfits as I thought it would be better to have four outfits I was really proud of and that fit well, rather than have more outfits that were not as well constructed. I knew that by choosing a 32GG size, it would be difficult enough to find catwalk models anyways.
It’s hard to believe that all of this, plus more, happened in the last three years. It’s an incredible journey truly built on blood, sweat and tears. All of the students on the course make tremendous sacrifices to be here. It is an incredibly demanding program because of its global reputation and the watchful eye of industry. The financial cost of the program is huge as well. Printing costs, art and material supplies, fabrics, trims and componentry all add up with each project. It’s very easy to go overboard and over budget! We’re all glad to be finished the course now, and we’re even more excited that graduation is just a few weeks away!
As a side note, the projects change each and every single year on the course. In 2013 and 2014 enrolment in the course was much higher than in my year, 2012, and therefore the current course is structured differently. Do check out Yelena’s website as she features some of her university and personal projects, as she prepares for her final year at DMU.
Manuelo of bra blog Under the Unders is a bra aficionado, much like me, and is currently studying fashion design in Brazil! She commented on my Facebook page that she’d like to know more about my design process, so here we go!
This is an outline that was suggested to me in my first year of Contour Fashion studies at De Montfort University, and it’s been quite helpful. I don’t consider myself an artistic or creative person, but more of a technician, so I often struggle with this phase of a project as it involves sketchbooks and drawing, and my strengths tend to be in pattern cutting and constructing garments.
I build my sketchbooks quite differently from most of the other students, using an A3 sized ring binder and printing off a lot of my photographs and doing doodles in Adobe Illustrator.
1) Primary Research
Each project we undertake in university requires first-hand observational drawings. We need to be able to observe something directly with our own eyes and use as many of our senses, in particular sight and touch. Early on in our studies we did an exercise where we were blindfolded and held an object and described it to our peers. Did it feel smooth, rough, furry, silky, hard, etc.? Coming up with key descriptive words helped us choose which mediums to use in our sketchbooks. Perhaps a rougher paper with oil pastels, or a delicate tissue paper with shiny nail polish would help us progress our ideas as we drew.
Since I really struggle with drawing by hand, I try to create a lot of my drawings on the computer in Adobe Illustrator, or find other ways to get through the creative process. For my final degree collection, I had to break my primary research down into more manageable chunks, as I had a number of inspirational elements, and determine what possible aesthetic outcomes I could reach, or what materials or techniques I could use and begin my exploration. I quite often create mind maps for my design process to help me see additional angles to my inspiration.
3) Market Research
When designing commercially, it is important to identify a target market and research your competitors. Establishing a market position and price point is also imperative for a commercial collection. It needs to fit within the market. Through my own market research I designed an online survey and tried to distribute it among women who would normally purchase a bra in a larger cup size, G+ cups. I wanted to get a sense of what they wanted in a bra, what brands they were familiar with, as well as collect demographic information to further build the parameters of my collection. I was able to survey in excess of 500 women and tailor my collection to the needs and wants of the majority. Competitor research of brands that sold bras in similar sizes was also conducted looking at the sizes offered, price, quality and availability.
4) Current Trend Research
As students, we’re incredibly lucky to have access to such valuable resources as the online trend prediction website WGSN.com and library access to digital files from Nelly Rodi and Carlin. These three resources have trends specific to lingerie and are used globally by top brands, and are incredibly pricey. Designing your commercial collection with these trends in mind will ensure that your collection sits well within the market and that you keep a fresh approach to your designs.
The trend prediction tools available to us forecast fashion trends 12 to 18 months in advance. WGSN with its online presence is able to react quickly to emerging trends and fashion industry news.
As a technical designer, again, this is one of the elements that I struggle with. I’m not adventurous or fashion forward with my own apparel choices and I’m quite comfy at home in my sweatpants! However, I do like my lingerie to be ‘special’. I like pieces that are beautiful, colourful and feminine.
5) Colour Research/Colour Palette
The trend prediction tools also build colour palettes into the trends. Each trend will have a palette with the primary colours for the trend, as well as complementing colours. Colour is important for a commercial collection as it needs to sit well within the market alongside competitor brands and appeal to consumers’ fashion choices.
6) Current Fashion Catwalk References
“Fashion comes from the catwalk.” That’s what we’re told at university, and it’s true. Trends that we see from couture and high fashion designers at the London, Paris and New York shows quickly trickle down to fashion collections available from high street and fast-fashion retailers. WGSN is a great resource as it will post catwalk images immediately from fashion events from around the world, as are high fashion magazines such as Vogue.
As you can see, it's a lengthy process to get from our inspirations to our final garment design, as there's still lots of pattern cutting, sewing samples, fittings and adjustments, along with developing our patterns further in Lectra Modaris to grade them... but I hope you enjoyed the design journey!
Educating women on the benefits of proper fitting bras is important to Kim. Designing lingerie that complements the fuller figure, and is comfortable, on-trend and beautifully constructed is her mission.
We are in charge of our bodies, and we make the decisions that are right for us, with no judgement. Kimtimates supports those who make their own choices about their own bodies. #yourbodyyourchoice #mybodymychoice